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Transitive & Intransitive verbs & Direct objects

Hoy desde Bilbao School os traemos un nuevo apartado de grammar about Transitive and Intransitive verbs.

Transitive verbs are verbs that take an object. Intransitive verbs are verbs that do not take an object.

 

A transitive verb can take one or two objects.

 

a)   They played football. (one object – soccer)

b)   They sent hima gift. (two objects – him and gift)

 

If a verb doesn’t take an object at all, it is intransitive.

 

c)    The building collapsed.

 

There are two types of objectsDirect and Indirect.

A direct object answers the questions: what? or whom?

 

d)   She built a house. (What did she build? A house)

e)    She invited Anna to her party. (Whom did she invite? Anna)

 

An indirect object answers the questions: To whom? For whom? For what?

It receives the direct object or is affected by it.

 

f)    She invited Anna to her party (For what did she invite Anna? A party)

g)    She bought her mother some flowers. (What did her mother receive? Flowers)

 

Verbs that can be followed by a direct and an indirect object: bring, buy, get, give, make, lend, offer, owe, pass, promise, send, show, take, teach, write, tell.

 

In the active voice, the indirect object can be put after the verb, or at the end of the sentence with a preposition.

 

h)   My mother gave this bookcase to my niece.

i)    My mother gave my niecethis bookcase.

 

In the passive voice, the subject of the sentence can either be the direct or indirect object of the active sentence.

 

j)    My niece was given this bookcase.

k)   This bookcase was given to my niece.

 

 

Exercise 1.- Grammar

 

Rewrite these sentences

 

a)   My father gave me a new book.

 

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b)   John sent Mary a long email.

 

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c)    I threw him the Frisbee.

 

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d)   The waitress gave me a menu.

 

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e)    The airline provides its passengers with ear phones.

 

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f)    My grandfather taught me this word.

 

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g)    Her friend sang this song to me.

 

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h)   My uncle gave my nephew a new car.

 

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