The 2nd & 3rd Conditionals

The 2nd and 3rd conditionals are used to talk about unreal, unlikely or impossible ideas or events.

The second conditional is about the imaginary present and future.

Use If + sb + past simple, Sb + would + bare infinitive.

The use of the past simple in this conditional is not about the real past, it is just hypothetical language.

a) If I had more time (I don’t), I would come to the museum with you (I can’t)

The third conditional is about the past, but not the real past. It expresses ideas of regret or lost opportunities.

Use if+ sb + past perfect, sb + would + have + past participle

b) If I hadn’t been driving drunk (I was), I wouldn’t have had the accident (I did).

 

Exercise 1

 

Adapt the word in brackets

a) If I ……….. (have) more money, I ………….…(buy) you a new car.

b) If I h……….. more time (have), I ……………….(do) more of the things I enjoy.

c) If Spain ……….. (be) in the EU, I ………………… (be able to) work in France without a visa.

d) If my friends moved (move) to another country, I ……………. (visit) them as often as possible.

e) If I …………… (pass) my exams, I …………..(have to) rewrite them.

f) If I had (have) all the money in the world, I ……………. (not be) happier than I am now.

g) If you ……….. ……..(can buy) time in shops, how much ……….. it ……….. (cost)?

h) If you ……………….. (have to live) in another country, which country would you ……….. (choose)?

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