Verbs in English are followed by three different verb patterns: the infinitive (to be),the bare infinitive (be) and the gerund/-ing form (being).
The infinitive comes after certain verbs (want, decide, afford, manage, offer, plan, seem, agree, ask, expect), to express our reason or purpose, and after certainadjectives.
- a)I decided to learn English many years ago.
- b)I want to learn English to have better job opportunities.
- c)I am happy to learn new words and practise my speaking in class.
The bare infinitive comes after modal verbs, certain verbs (e.g. feel, hear, let, make, notice, see, watch) and expressions, like had better and would rather.
- d)I must get up early tomorrow.
- e)I see people go running on the beach every day.
- f)I had better study for my exam or I will not do as well as I can.
The gerund is used after certain verbs (mostly state verbs), after prepositions and phrasal verbs, and as the subject of a sentence.
- g)I love travelling and seeing new places.
- h)She got up feeling
- i)Learning English is important to me.
Exercise 1.- Grammar
Complete each sentence with the correct verb pattern for each word in brackets
- a)_______________(learn) a new hobby will be good for you.
- b)She wants _______________(buy) a new car.
- c)I am so excited _______________ (go) on holiday.
- d)They have to _______________(study) for their exam.
- e)We are looking forward to _______________(see) you next week.
- f)He often sees me _______________(walk) my dog on the beach because he has a house there.
- g)I got up _______________(feel) excited because I was going to England that day.
I want to learn English _______________ (have) better job opportunities.