Esta semana desde la Academia Inglés Bilbao School te explicamos las formas gramaticales de “inversions” y te damos unos ejercicios para completar.
GRAMMAR SECTION: INVERSIONS
Academia de inglés Bilbao School:
Negative Adverbial Inversions allow you to be more emphatic or dramatic. We invert (change) the position of words in a sentence to make them, and/or use inversion phrases. They look like questions, but are not. They can be quite formal.
Form: Negative adverbial word/phrase + question form
I have never worked so quickly in my life!
a) Never have I worked so quickly in my life!
In this sentence above, you can see that in the inversion the negative adverb is placed at the beginning of the sentence, and the subject + verb have been inverted. The rest of the sentence stays the same.
b) Rarely have I been so angry!
c) Seldom do I lose my temper like that.
Under no circumstances
This means ‘I will not want to do something in any situation’.
I will never shave my hair off
d) Under no circumstances will I ever shave my hair off.
At no time/point
He did not ask me if I was okay.
e) At no point did he ask me if I was okay.
Little did I know/realise
At that time, I didn’t know that I was about to win the lottery.
f) Little did I know that I was about to win the lottery.
I did not hear his news until the next day.
g) Not until the next day did I hear his news.
I didn’t think I would see her again until I got her email.
h) Only when I got her email, did I realise I would see her again.
No sooner … than
This is to emphasise that one thing happened immediately after another.
I made a cup of tea, then I dropped it on the floor.
i) No sooner had I made a cup of tea than I dropped it on the floor!
The first non-inverted sentence uses the past simple showing consecutive actions. However, the inverted sentence shifts to the past perfect after No Sooner.
Not only…but… also/too
Use this form to show that two things happened.
I won the lottery and I fell in love.
j) Not onlydid I win the lottery, but I also fell in love. What a wonderful week!
In this inversion, notice that we use the auxiliary that will match the tense of the verb. This inversion can be in any tense, so remember to match the auxiliary to the tense.
k) Not only does he drink all the milk, but he eats my food too. He is the worst flatmate.
Exercise 1.- Grammar
Transform these sentences into Negative Adverbial Inversions
a) I have never been so upset in my life.
b) I have never seen her so angry!
c) I was seldom that late for work.
d) He was drinking too much alcohol, and he was smoking.
e) I hung my clothes out to dry, and it started raining immediately!
f) I did not realise until the next day that I had won the lottery.
g) At that time, she didn’t know that she was about to get her dream job.
h) He did not ask if I was struggling once.
Accede mediante el siguiente enlace a la explicación gramatical del mes pasado sobre “Contrast Linkers“.