Esta semana desde la Academia Inglés Bilbao School te explicamos las formas gramaticales de “so, such, too y enough” y te damos unos ejercicios para completar.
GRAMMAR SECTION: SO, SUCH TOO AND ENOUGH
We use so and such to show the results of an action or situation. Such is used with most nouns and so with adjectives, adverbs and nouns that use many or much. So can use multiple adjectives, adverbs and nouns.
SUCH + (ARTICLE +) ADJECTIVE + NOUN + THAT
SO +ADJECTIVE +THAT
MANY/MUCH + NOUN + THAT
a) William is such a good employee that I don’t want him to change departments.
b) The explanation was so difficult and complicated that I didn’t understand anything.
c) The dog ran so fast that no one could stop it.
d) Today’s young students have so much homework and after school activities to do that many people worry they do not have enough time to be children.
It is also possible to use such a lot with a noun but it is less common in non-informal sentences.
So and such can also give emphasis in informal exclamations.
a) Those winter nights in the mountains were so cold!
b) Man, your little sister is such a baby!
Apart from meaning also, the word too tells us that the quantity of something causes a negative effect. We use too in the same cases as so, with adjectives adverbs and nouns with the words many or much. Too can also use more than one adjective, adverb or noun.
TOO + ADJECTIVE + INFINITIVE
ADVERB + INFINITIVE
MANY/MUCH + NOUN + INFINITIVE
a) We arrived at the station too late. The train and our parents had already left.
b) My husband eats too slowly. We spend too much time eating dinner.
The word enough means that there is the right number or quantity of something. We use the word enough with adjectives, adverbs and nouns.
ADJECTIVE + ENOUGH + INFINITIVE
ADVERB + ENOUGH + INFINITIVE
ENOUGH + NOUN + INFINITIVE
a) My cousin wanted to apply for a medical degree in university but she isn’t smart enough.
b) If we walk quietly and quickly enough he won’t hear us come in.
c) We have enough money and good ideas to start a new company.