Esta semana desde la Academia Inglés Bilbao School te explicamos la forma gramatical «Participle Clauses” y te damos unos ejercicios para completar.
GRAMMAR SECTION: PARTICIPLE CLAUSES
Another type of clause in English is the participle clause. This is a clause using the present participle (-ing) or the past participle (-ed). It is the most complex sentence in English. We can also make a Perfect Participle using Having + past participle.
We use Participle clauses:
After prepositions (present and perfect participles)
a) After visiting my grandparents, we went shopping.
To explain the reason for something (present and perfect participles)
b) Being an excellent footballer, Joe decided to become a professional player. (Because he was excellent…)
To show two actions happening at the same time (present participles)
c) Waiting for my plane to leave, I checked my phone one last time.
Instead of the Passive (past participles)
d) Made to wait for my appointment, I read some magazines.
To replace a relative clause
e) The person crossing the road was nearly hit by a car. (who was crossing)
When you are using a participle, it is very important to match the subject of the sentence and the participle.
f) Watching TV, my cat jumped onto the sofa.
g) Watching TV, I saw my cat jump onto the sofa.
Example F is wrong, because it implies that your cat was watching TV and jumping onto the sofa. Example G shows that you saw your cat do that while watching TV.
Exercise 1.- Grammar
Correct the mistakes in these sentences.
a) Driving carelessly, the car crashed into the mountain.
b) Watching the talent show, the contestant fell while dancing.
c) The woman who was eating and driving at the same time nearly caused an accident.
d) The man walked across and road and he was talking to himself.
e) I checked my phone, and I realised the message hadn’t sent.
f) Having was a teacher for 30 years, she knew all the adults in the village.
g )Listened to music, I walked over the hills.
Accede mediante el siguiente enlace a la explicación gramatical del mes pasado sobre “Defining relative clauses».