GRAMMAR

GRAMMAR SECTION: -iNG AND INFINITIVES

 GRAMMAR SECTION:         -ING AND INFINITIVES

 

In English, it is not always easy to know when to use the -ing ending or the infinitive.  This is because it changes depending on the verb before it.

If there is a preposition before the verb we normally use the -ing ending.

We use the -ing ending for verbs that follow.

 

ADMITDISLIKEGIVE UPSUGGEST
AVOIDENJOYMENTIONTAKE UP
DENYFEEL LIKEMIND
DISCUSSFINISHPRACTICE

 

a) We avoided going to the city centre as it was so busy.

b) Harry dislikes going into dark places alone.

 

We use the infinitive tense for verbs that follow:

 

ADVISEEXPECTMANAGEREFUSE
AFFORDHELPOFFERSEEM
AGREEHOPEPLANTEACH
CHOOSEINVITEPRETENDTELL
DECIDELEARNPROMISEWANT

 

 

c)Ian chose to go to the park with Alan instead of helping Ellie in the visitor centre.

d) Neil plans to fly far away on holiday with his two friends.

 

Some verbs can use either the -ing ending or the infinitive form and have the same meaning.  Those verbs include:

 

BEGINHATELOVESTART
CONTINUELIKEPREFER

 

 

e) I started to read the book, but I fell asleep.

f) I started reading the book, but I fell asleep.

 

 

Other verbs which use both forms, but with two different meanings are:

 

INFINITIVE-ING
FORGETto not do what you have planed to doto not have memories of something
REMEMBERto do what you have planed to doto have memories of something
STOPto leave one action to do anotherto leave an action
TRYmake an effort to do somethingdo something to fix a problem

 

g) I remember going to Curacao for the first time.
Unfortunately, I didn’t remember to bring my camera.

h) He was working when we arrived, but he stopped to talk to us for a while.

 

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