Esta semana desde la Academia Inglés Bilbao School te explicamos las formas gramaticales de las “Direct Questions” y te damos unos ejercicios para completar.
GRAMMAR SECTION: DIRECT QUESTIONS
A direct question is a question with only one active verb.
Where do you live?
Can we speak in private?
Normally when we make a sentence in English we use the subject before the verb. When we ask questions in English the word order changes and we put the verb before the subject.
If a question has a yes or no answer we use an auxiliary verb as the active verb.
I had fun. Did you have fun?
You are tired. Are you tired?
Steve can swim. Can Steve swim?
We should go. Should we go?
When we want to know specific information we start questions with question words, who, what, where, when, why, how, whose. When the question word is the subject of the question we can use the main verb as the active verb. When the question word is the object we use an auxiliary verb as the main verb.
Who likes chocolate? Who do you like?
What animal swims well? What animals did you see in the zoo?
Which smells better? Which do you like the most?
Whose dogs ate my food? Whose dogs did they walk with?
Be careful when using the word to have in questions. To have can be the auxiliary verb or the possessive verb. When to have is possessive use the auxiliary to do.
Have you been to Sri Lanka?
Do you have any good shots from your last trip?
When you ask a question with a preposition the preposition goes at the end of the sentence.
Who did you go to the store with?
Which room are they in?
Who is this gift for?