GRAMMAR SECTION: DIRECT AND INDIRECT OBJECTS
In a sentence subjects are the people or things that do something. The people or things that subjects do things to are called the objects.
Not all sentences need objects. The verb tells us if we need a subject or not and how many. Verbs like happen, disappear, die and work generally do not have any objects.
Other verbs, like close, eat, plant and try, often have objects that the action happens to directly. These types of objects are called direct objects.
a) I picked up the toys off the floor.
I drank two glasses of water before I went to bed.
With some verbs we do an action to someone. That someone is the indirect object. We need to have a direct object to have an indirect object. Some examples of verbs that have indirect objects are bring, give, teach, show and pass.
In most cases we can put the indirect object after the verb or with a preposition after the direct object.
subject + verb + indirect object + direct object
subject + verb + direct object+ preposition + indirect object
The preposition that we use depends on the verb. The most common prepositions are to and for.
Look at the how we use the direct object and the indirect object:
b)I read a book to
I read Jonathon a book.
c) Theresa brought a sandwich for
Theresa brought me a sandwich.