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Direct questions & Questions words

Direct questions are formed with the auxiliary verbs BeDo and Have.

 

Be: With Nouns, Adjectives, Present continuous and Past continuous

  1. a)Are you a doctor?
  2. b)Is she happy?
  3. c)Are they living in Spain?
  4. d)Were they learning English this time last year?

Do: With verbsin questions and negatives the Present simple and Past simple.

  1. e)Do you eat well? I don’t eat well.
  2. f)Does she get enough sleep? She doesn’t get enough sleep.
  3. g)Did he pass all of his exams? He didn’t pass all his exams.

 

HavePerfect tenses

  1. h)Have you ever been to Moscow?
  2. i)Had you never visited it before you moved there?

We can also form direct questions starting with Question Words:

Who are you talking to?

Whose bag is that?

To whom did you speak?

What is the name of that composer from Germany?

Which juice would you like?

Where do you live?

When is the music festival?

Why is the sky blue?

How do I fix this thing?

Sometimes we use an auxiliary verb with a question word, and other times we don’t. It depends on whether the question word is the subject or the object. We call them subject and object questions. In a subject question we do not use an auxiliary verb, but with an object question we do.

Compare these questions:

  1. a)Who saw him? (subject question)
  2. b)Who did he see? (object question)

In question a, Him is the object pronoun, so the question is about the subject of the question: SHE saw him.

 In question b, he is the subject pronoun, so the question is about the object of the question: HE saw her. The question word relates to the object.

 

 

Exercise 1.- Grammar

Reorder these questions to make them correct

  1. a)Happy you are person a?

 

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  1. b)Languages many do how speak you?

 

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  1. c)car this whose is?

 

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  1. d)Go you running do when?

 

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  1. e)Ever you been have France to?

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  1. f)You did last out go weekend?

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  1. g)Did where go you?

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  1. h)Parents your you heard have English speak?

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